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Loxton Estate

The Loxton and Adams families  held a significant amount of land in Chewton Mendip after the dissolution of the monasteries and into the 17th century.
A Record held in the Hampshire Archive is a copy of the court roll of Chewton rectory manor dated 24th September 1692 when Daniel Kingsmill was lord of two-thirds of the manor of Chewton Mendip. The record refers to a house, garden and one parrock of land (approximately 1.5 acres) that was then in possession of Richard Loxton.
The agreement was for John Yorke, Gent and his sons to take over the property after the death or surrender of Richard Loxton.  Richard Loxton may have already suffered a decline in his fortune or the lease dependent on lives was going to expire. Either way, John Yorke the gentleman would not have been interested in a labourers cottage.
 Loxtons EstateThe 18th century  churchwarden and poor law book make regular references to an estate called Loxtons when the Yorkes and King families were paying poor rates for part of it and ‘the inn’ . The extract from the 1794 map shows where a field was at the time that was later known as Loxton’s.
The records are consisting in reporting that estate was in the Town tithing and the buildings in the bottom left hand corner are part of the centre of the village. Chew Hill  and Chew Down can also been seen at the bottom of the map.
The 1839 tithe map shows the field marked Boucher may once have been called Loxton’s  so it is tempting to suppose that the 17th century Loxtons were the tenants of the farm at the bottom of the map.
However, that farm can be identified as Barrow Farm with a degree of certainty and analysis suggest that the Loxton estate was still owned by the Kingsmills in the 18th century. The extract from the 1794 map shows that family still owned a significant amount of the land in that part of the village at the time demonstrates why they may be the source of the name of Kings Hill.
The analysis of other records suggest that Barrow Farm was owned by the the Hippisleys or Waldegraves so it is unlikely that Barrow farm was the Loxton’s estate at this time.
Another farm that was owned by the Kingsmill was Veal Farm. This is not shown in the map but it was at he bottom of Kings Hill.
Another possibilityfor the Loxton’s farm  is what may have been known as Parsonage Farm on the site of the Old Vicarage.
One  theory theory is that Chewton House is built on the site of the Unicorn Inn which may have been where the original Loxton house was based. Richard Loxton’s house may have been the roofless tenement called ‘Adams’ in later records. The holdings of several families linked to the former Loxton holding included land at  Redsheard which is close to Chewon House.
 However, the 1740 map showed that there was nothing on the site of Chewton house and there were buildings on the site of Chewton Priory which may have been the former Loxton farmhouse but the Loxton family were living elsewhere at the time.
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